One way to maximize the return on your investments is to make sure you are claiming all the costs that you are allowed against the investment income. There are some costs that are deductible against your investment income. Below is a list of items that can be claimed against investment income.
- Management Fees / Investment Counsel fees
- Management fees paid to a discretionary investment manager can be claimed against investment income.
- This cost must be directly charged to the investor and cannot be embedded within the performance of the underlying investment i.e. mutual fund management expense ratio or MER.
- Accounting Fees for the recording of investment income
- This includes any bookkeeping or recordkeeping expenses that you spend to keep accurate records of your investment income.
- This expense does not include the preparation of your income tax return. If you paid your accountant $300 to track your investments in the year and $200 to prepare your income tax return, you would only be able to claim the $300.
- Interest Expense
- Interest expenses made on an investment with the intention of earning a regular income (interest, dividend or rental income) from the investment can be deducted from the income. The interest expense must be reasonable given the expected investment income from the investment.
- Interest expense cannot be deducted when the only expectation of the investment is a capital gain. If an investment is going to pay a small interest payment or dividend, it will still be deductible. As a planning point, it is best to purchase investments where 100% of the expected return is capital appreciation with cash and purchase any investments with an income with debt to maintain the deduction of the interest expense.
Restricted Farming Losses
One other unique loss is a restricted farming loss. This is a loss that is related to farming activities, but farming is not the individual’s main source of income. The farm loss is limited to the lesser of the following amounts; the net loss for the year; $2,500 + ½ of the farm less $2,500 and an annual limit of $17,500.
Any unused restricted farming losses can be claimed against only farming income in the previous three years or can be carried forward for a period of ten years.